Gangaur Pooja: Goddess Parvati

In Gangaur Pooja, The Hindu Goddess Parvati, revered as Shakti and Devi, holds immense veneration as a divine figure in Hinduism. She personifies feminine power and vitality, believed to be the celestial spouse of Lord Shiva, the destroyer in Hinduism.

In Hindu mythology, Parvati, the daughter of Himavan, the lord of the Himalayas, holds an important role. Parvati is often depicted as a beautiful lady adorned with jewels and flowers, seated gracefully on a lotus flower, showcasing her fair complexion.

It is believed that Parvati is the goddess of power, love, and devotion, as well as fertility. As the patron goddess of mountains, particularly the majestic Himalayas, Parvati is revered for her connection with mountains and their grandeur.


Portrayed wielding various weapons and riding a lion or tiger, Parvati’s representation symbolizes her fierce and protective nature.

In Hindu mythology, Parvati is a notable figure since she is believed to be the holy wife of Lord Shiva. Their union is revered as the epitome of love and devotion, and their offspring, Ganesha and Kartikeya, are esteemed as significant deities in their own regard.

It is thought that all living things emerge from the womb of Parvati. Hence she is worshipped in this role as well. Parvati is known as the “Mother of the Universe.”

Gangaur Pooja: Historical Significance

In Rajasthan, India, the local female population observes the significant event called Gangaur Pooja. During the months of March and April, in the springtime, it is a tradition to celebrate this holiday.

This celebration honors Goddess Parvati, the wife of Lord Shiva, who is also known as the Divine Consort. The name “Gangaur” comes from two terms: “Gana” refers to Lord Shiva, and “Gauri” refers to Goddess Parvati. Together, these words form the name “Gangaur.”

Rajasthanis celebrate the event with immense zeal and dedication, given its rich historical and cultural significance to the region.

The festival is observed for a total of 18 days during the month of Chaitra, which falls somewhere between the months of March and April. The women participate in this festival by donning traditional garb and adorning their hands with henna patterns.

It is a festive event that is full of color and energy. At the time of the Gangaur Pooja, the women of Rajasthan don elaborate jewelry and dress in the traditional garb of the state. They worship the clay Murtis of the goddess Parvati and the god Shiva, and they make various sacrifices to them, including flowers, sweets, and other foodstuffs.

In addition, married women take this opportunity to pray for their husbands’ health and longevity as part of the festival’s festivities. Girls who are not yet married often pray to find a good husband and ask that their married lives be filled with joy and success.

They also create stunning clay statues of Gauri, which are subsequently worshiped with an extraordinary amount of zeal and devotion.

Cultural Significance

The event is significant from both a cultural and historical standpoint. It is said that the festival was first celebrated during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar.

The emperor, who was pleased by the devotion of the ladies of Rajasthan to their husbands, gave permission for the women of Rajasthan to celebrate the event in their own unique manner. The festival is a celebration of the ancient ideals of love, respect, and devotion that are held between husbands and wives.

From a cultural perspective, the event is a representation of the rich cultural history of Rajasthan.


The Gangaur Pooja celebration is not only a time for worship but also for getting together with family and friends to have fun and make memories. People join together during this time to sing, dance, and take part in a variety of other cultural activities.

Gangaur Pooja event is an essential component of the culture of Rajasthan and is celebrated with a great deal of zeal and happiness by the people of that region. It is an event that is absolutely one of a kind and will be remembered for a very long time because of its brilliant colors, traditional dress, and exciting music.

Gangaur Pooja: Benefits

Gangaur Pooja is a significant Hindu festival celebrated in Rajasthan, Haryana, and other parts of Northern India. It is dedicated to the Goddess Gauri, the consort of Lord Shiva, and is believed to bring happiness and prosperity to married women. Here are some of the benefits of performing Gangaur Pooja:

Blessings of Goddess Gauri: The primary benefit of performing Gangaur Pooja is seeking the blessings of Goddess Gauri, who is considered the epitome of purity and marital bliss. The festival is an opportunity for women to seek the blessings of the goddess for a happy and prosperous married life.

Unity and Harmony: The festival is a celebration of love and devotion between married couples, and it promotes unity and harmony between them. It is an occasion for husbands to express their love and respect for their wives and for wives to show their devotion to their husbands.

Social Bonding:

The festival is also a time for social bonding and strengthening of relationships between family and friends. People come together to celebrate the festival with joy and enthusiasm, and it helps to foster a sense of community and togetherness.

Cultural Significance: Gangaur Pooja is an essential part of the rich cultural heritage of Rajasthan and Haryana, and it reflects the traditional values and beliefs of the people of these regions. It is a time to celebrate their culture, customs, and traditions and to pass them on to the next generation.

Spiritual Growth: Performing Gangaur Pooja with devotion and sincerity can also bring spiritual growth and enlightenment. It is believed that by performing the rituals and seeking the blessings of the goddess, one can attain spiritual upliftment and inner peace.

Strengthening Relationships: Gangaur Pooja is also believed to strengthen the bond between husband and wife. Women pray for the long life and well-being of their husbands during the festival. The rituals and customs associated with the festival are also meant to bring harmony and understanding between married couples.

Gangaur Pooja: Vidhis

Gangaur Pooja is celebrated with great fervor in various parts of India, especially in Rajasthan. This festival is celebrated to honor Goddess Gauri, who is considered to be an epitome of marital love, happiness, and fertility. Here are some of the important vidhis of Gangaur Pooja:

Preparation of the Murti: Before the start of the Pooja, the Murti of Goddess Gauri is prepared by the women of the house. The Murti is made up of clay and decorated with vibrant colors and jewelry.

Fasting: Women observing Gangaur Pooja fast for the well-being and longevity of their husbands. The fast starts from the first day of the Chaitra month and ends on the day of Gangaur festival.

Offering of Food: On the day of the festival, women offer different types of food to the Goddess. The food items include Ghewar, Boondi Ladoo, and other sweets. Later, these food items are distributed among family and friends.

Aarti: An Aarti is performed in the evening by the women of the house. The aarti is performed with a diya and flowers. The women sing devotional songs in praise of the Goddess.


Procession: On the final day of the festival, a procession is carried out. The Murti of the Goddess is placed on a decorated palanquin, which is taken to a nearby water body. TheMurti is then immersed in the water with great devotion and respect.

Cultural Programs: Various cultural programs like folk dances, music performances, and competitions are also organized during the festival. These programs add to the overall joy and celebration of the Gangaur Pooja.

Blessings: It is believed that those who celebrate Gangaur Pooja with full devotion and dedication receive the blessings of Goddess Gauri. These blessings are believed to bring prosperity, good health, and happiness to their lives.


Gangaur Pooja holds immense cultural and historical significance in Rajasthan and is celebrated with great fervor and devotion. This festival celebrates the love and devotion between Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva and is a symbol of marital bliss.

The rituals and customs of Gangaur Pooja not only foster unity among people but also foster a sense of community. Through the worship of Goddess Parvati, devotees seek blessings for marital happiness, fertility, and prosperity.

During Gangaur Pooja, women exhibit their artistic talents by crafting intricate and vibrant clay idols of the Goddess, showcasing their creativity. This festival is a celebration of womanhood and a tribute to the enduring spirit of Rajasthan’s rich cultural heritage.

Beyond its religious and cultural dimensions, the festival holds significance in fostering social cohesion and strengthening community bonds. Overall, Gangaur Pooja is a festival that celebrates the triumph of love, devotion, and the spirit of unity.


1. What is Gangaur Puja, and when is it celebrated?

Answer. Gangaur Puja is a festival celebrated in Rajasthan and some parts of India to worship Goddess Gauri. It is usually celebrated in the month of Chaitra (March-April).

2. Is Gangaur Puja celebrated in other parts of India?

Answer. Yes, Gangaur Puja is celebrated in other parts of India as well, but with different names and variations in rituals. In some places, it is also known as Gauri Tritiya or Gauri Puja.

3. Can non-Hindus participate in Gangaur Puja?

Yes, non-Hindus are welcome to participate in Gangaur Puja. However, it is important to respect the traditions and customs followed during the puja.

4. Is there an auspicious day to perform Gangaur Puja?

Answer. Gangaur Puja is traditionally performed on the third day of the waxing phase of the moon in the month of Chaitra. However, some people also perform it on the seventh day of the month of Vaishakha (April-May).

5. Are any other gods worshipped during Gangaur Puja?

Answer. During Gangaur Puja, along with Goddess Gauri, Lord Shiva is also worshipped. The festival is celebrated to mark the union of Shiva and Gauri.


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