Lord Jagannath Puja is one of the most important festivals celebrated by the people of Odisha, India. This festival is dedicated to Lord Jagannath, who is the presiding deity of the state.

The festival is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm, and it is observed on the day of Ashadha Shukla Dwitiya, which is also known as Jagannath Rath Yatra.

History of  Lord Jagannath Puja:

According to legend, Lord Jagannath is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and is believed to have appeared on earth to spread love, peace, and harmony among people. The Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha, is one of the four sacred abodes of Lord Vishnu and is considered one of the holiest shrines in India.

The origins of the festival can be traced back to the 12th century when the famous Jagannath Temple was built in Puri. The temple is dedicated to Lord Jagannath, who is worshipped as the presiding deity of the temple. The temple complex is spread over an area of 400,000 square feet and is surrounded by a high fortified wall.

According to legend, the Rath Yatra has its origins in the tale of Lord Krishna and his childhood friend Sudama. It is said that Lord Krishna promised Sudama that he would visit his house in Dwarka one day. Many years later, Sudama went to meet Lord Krishna in Dwarka, and Lord Krishna, true to his word, visited Sudama’s house with his brother Balarama and sister Subhadra.

It is believed that the Rath Yatra is a reenactment of this story, and also Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra go on a grand chariot ride to bless their devotees. The history of Lord Jagannath Puja is also intertwined with the history of the state of Odisha. Moreover, the festival is considered a symbol of the cultural heritage and identity of the state, and it has played an important role in shaping the social and political fabric of the region.


Significance of Lord Jagannath Puja:

Lord Jagannath Puja is not just a religious festival, but it is also deeply rooted in Indian culture and astrology. The festival is celebrated with great pomp and show, and it holds a significant place in the lives of the people of Odisha and other parts of India.

Cultural Significance:

Lord Jagannath Puja is an important cultural festival in the state of Odisha, and it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion. The festival brings people of all castes and creeds together, and it is an occasion to celebrate the unity and diversity of India.

The festival is also an opportunity for people to showcase their talents in various forms such as dance, music, and theatre. The Jagannath Temple in Puri, Odisha, is one of the oldest and most revered temples in India, and it attracts millions of devotees every year.

The temple is not just a place of worship, but it is also a symbol of the rich cultural heritage of Odisha. The temple complex houses several smaller temples, each dedicated to a different deity, and it is a great example of architectural excellence.

Astrological Significance:

According to Indian astrology, Lord Jagannath is the Lord of the universe, and his blessings can help people overcome their problems and obstacles. Lord Jagannath is believed to be an embodiment of Lord Vishnu. Basically, his presence can bring peace and prosperity to people’s lives.

The Rath Yatra or chariot ride of Lord Jagannath is a significant event from an astrological perspective. The chariot ride represents the journey of the sun, and it is believed that the blessings of Lord Jagannath during this time can help people overcome their astrological problems.

Especially, the Rath Yatra is also considered an auspicious time for starting new ventures or making important decisions in life. Another astrological significance of Lord Jagannath Puja is the placement of the deities during the festival.

The deities are placed in a specific manner during the festival, and also their placement is believed to have a profound impact on the lives of people. Moreover, the placement of the deities during the festival is also believed to represent cosmic order and balance.

Benefits of Lord Jagannath Puja:

Blessings of Lord Jagannath:

Lord Jagannath is considered to be one of the most powerful deities in the Hindu pantheon. By observing the puja with devotion and sincerity, devotees can seek his blessings for success, prosperity, and happiness in life.

Purification of Mind and Soul:

The rituals and prayers offered during the puja help to purify the mind and souls of the devotees. Also, this can lead to greater peace, clarity of thought, and a sense of inner calm.

Removal of Obstacles:

Lord Jagannath is believed to be the remover of obstacles and hurdles in life. By seeking his blessings through the puja, devotees can overcome obstacles and challenges in their personal and professional lives.

Positive Energy and Good Luck:

The puja is believed to attract positive energy and good luck to the lives of those who observe it. This can lead to greater opportunities, success, and happiness in life.

Spiritual Growth:

Observing the puja with devotion and sincerity can also help to deepen one’s spiritual connection with the divine. Generally, it can lead to greater spiritual growth and a sense of purpose and fulfillment in life.

Lord Jagannath Puja: Celebrations

Rath Yatra:

The Rath Yatra or the Chariot Festival is the most significant celebration during Lord Jagannath Puja. The deities of Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra are placed in huge chariots and pulled through the streets by devotees. Thus, the procession is accompanied by the beating of drums, the blowing of conch shells, and the chanting of hymns.

Cultural Programs:

During the festival, various cultural programs such as music, dance, and drama are organized in different parts of the state. These programs showcase the rich cultural heritage of Odisha and provide a platform for artists to showcase their talents.

Street Fairs:

Street fairs are a common sight during the puja, with vendors selling a wide range of items such as clothes, jewellery, toys, and food. The fairs are a great place to try local delicacies and buy souvenirs.

Devotee Offerings:

Devotees offer a wide variety of offerings to the deities during the puja, including flowers, fruits, sweets, and other delicacies. Some devotees also offer gold and silver ornaments to the deities.


Fireworks are an important part of the celebrations during Lord Jagannath Puja. The night skies are illuminated with colourful fireworks that light up the city and create a festive atmosphere.


Lord Jagannath Puja: Rath Yatra

The Jagannath Rath Yatra, also known as the Chariot Festival, is a major part of the Lord Jagannath Puja. It is celebrated every year in the month of June or July in the city of Puri, Odisha, India. The Rath Yatra is one of the oldest and most popular festivals in India and attracts millions of devotees from all over the world.

The Rath Yatra is a procession of three huge chariots carrying the idols of Lord Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra, and his sister Subhadra. The chariots are made of wood and are decorated with colourful fabrics, flowers, and paintings.

The height of the chariots can be up to 45 feet. They are pulled by thousands of devotees who consider it a great honour to pull the chariot of the Lord. The journey of the chariots begins at the Jagannath Temple in Puri. Equally, People travel along the Grand Road or Bada Danda, which is nearly 2 miles long.

The chariots are pulled by devotees using ropes. The journey takes around 9 days to complete. The Rath Yatra has a deep spiritual significance. It is believed to symbolize the journey of the soul back to its origin.

Moreover, it is believed that Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra are taking a ride to their aunt’s house to visit their maternal aunt for a few days. During this period, the devotees consider it their duty to take care of the deities and serve them with utmost devotion.

Jagannath Rath Yatra

Rituals of Lord Jagannath Puja:

Snana Yatra:

The deities bath with 108 pitchers of water, brought from the Golden Well inside the temple complex. The water believes to have medicinal properties that purify the body and soul of the deities.

Gundicha Yatra:

A procession in which the deities take chariots to the Gundicha Temple, i.e., situated about 3 km away from the main temple. It believes that during their stay at the Gundicha Temple, the deities visit their maternal aunt’s house.

Hera Panchami:

On this day, Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Jagannath, believes to be upset with her husband for going to his aunt’s house without her. Therefore, she visits the Gundicha Temple to bring him back to the main temple.

Bahuda Yatra:

The deities were brought back to the main temple in the same chariots in which they had gone to the Gundicha Temple.

Suna Besha:

On this day, the deities adorn themselves with gold jewellery and offer special delicacies like khaja, pitha, and sweets.

Date and Tithi of the puja in 2023:

Celebration of the Rath Yatra will be on the 20th of June, Tuesday, 2023 this year. According to the Hindu calendar, the festival of Rath Yatra celebrates the second date of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Ashadh. That technically is 20th June, Tuesday, 2023.


In conclusion, Lord Jagannath Puja is an important festival in the Hindu calendar. The people of India celebrate with great devotion and enthusiasm. Lastly, The puja has deep cultural and astrological significance. It offers a host of benefits to those who observe it with faith and devotion.

From seeking the blessings of Lord Jagannath to purifying the mind and soul. The puja can bring positive changes to the lives of devotees. It helps them lead a more fulfilling and prosperous life.


Q. What is the history behind Lord Jagannath Puja?

A. Lord Jagannath Puja had its roots in ancient Hindu mythology. Basically, it belief to celebrate for over a thousand years in the state of Odisha.

Q. When is Lord Jagannath Puja celebrated?

A. This Puja generally begins on the 2nd day of the Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) of the Ashadh month of the Hindu calendar, i.e., particularly falls in June or July.

Q. What are some of the key rituals of Lord Jagannath Puja?

A. The key rituals of this Puja include the Rath Yatra, the offering of bhog to the deities, and the chanting of hymns and prayers.

Q. What are the benefits of observing Lord Jagannath Puja?

A. Observing this Puja with devotion and faith can bring a host of benefits, including blessings of Lord Jagannath, purification of the mind and soul, removal of obstacles, and spiritual growth.

Q. How is Lord Jagannath Puja celebrated?

A. This Puja is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervour.  Also, devotees come together to participate in rituals, cultural programs, street fairs, and fireworks. Lastly, the festival is a time for people to seek blessings and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Odisha.


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